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    California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) flower
    The species is highly variable, with over 90 synonyms. It is easy to grow, drought tolerant, and reseeds so readily that is can become weedy. In natural conditions, it blooms most heavily from March to May. This bloom period can be extended with supplemental water. The petals close at night or in cold, windy weather and open again the following morning, although they may remain closed in cloudy weather. California poppy leaves were used medicinally by Native Americans, and the pollen was used cosmetically. The seeds are used in cooking. An aqueous extract of the plant has calmative actions.


    Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) fresh herb tip
    The plant was used traditionally in the Americas and later in Europe as a calming herb for anxiousness and sleep challenges. The passionflower was discovered in 1569 by Spanish explorers in Peru, who saw the flowers as symbolic of the passion of Christ and, therefore, a sign of Christ's approval of their efforts. The floral parts are thought to represent the elements of the crucifixion; 3 styles represent 3 nails, 5 stamens for the 5 wounds, the ovary resembles a hammer, the corona as the crown of thorns, the petals representing the 10 true apostles, with the white and bluish-purple colors those of purity and heaven.


    Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) fresh root
    Valerian is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century. Valerian has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome. Hippocrates described its properties, and Galen later prescribed it as a remedy for sleep issues. In medieval Sweden, it was sometimes placed in the wedding clothes of the groom to ward off the "envy" of the elves.


    Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) whole fresh flower
    Matricaria recutita grows as an erect annual, while Chamaemelum nobilis is a slow-growing perennial. The fragrant flowering heads of both plants are collected and dried for use as teas and medicinal extracts. Chamomile is an age-old medicinal herb known in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. Chamomile's popularity grew throughout the Middle Ages when people turned to it as a remedy for numerous medical challenges. Chamomile is thought of as the European counterpart of the Chinese tonic Ginseng.

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